Institute of Applied Mathematics (IAM) is an interdisciplinary centre fostering various researches and teaching activities in mathematical sciences. In order to coordinate mathematics-based research as well as to undertake collaborative research with industry, IAM has established Colloquia (General Seminars), since its foundation in 2002, almost every Tuesdays in the afternoon. A colloquium at the institute usually lasts about 45 minutes.
The Colloquium provides an opportunity to build and strengthen relations between researches, practitioners, regulators from various fields and members, especially the students, of IAM. Here, at IAM with four specialised departments (Actuarial Sciences, Cryptography, Financial Mathematics, Scientific Computing) we are expecting valuable contribution and exchange of ideas from different scholars, lecturers and specialists.
General audience of the Colloquia at IAM consists of both graduate and undergraduate students, scholars and academics from various research fields, including the departments at IAM. As the audience is not homogeneous, invited speakers are advised to consider the following general principles of a colloquium talk at IAM:
- Colloquium talks are given to general audience; however, such a colloquium talk at IAM might sometimes resemble a research seminar (only when it is necessary).
- A (colloquium) talk is not a paper, it needs a special preparation (pre-prep and pre-planning) in order to involve and attract as many attendees as possible to the subject. This is crucial if the audience is not homogeneous (with backgrounds from different research areas).
- Mathematics is an expressive and precise language we communicate; however, reading mathematics (on board or on slides) distracts and disengage the audience from the speaker! Similarly, long tables, long algorithms, crowded charts or diagrams might be difficult to read and comprehend by the audience. So, special care is needed when necessary.
- Facilities might improve the style of the talk. At IAM, besides the (white) board and transparencies, a projector connected to a computer is available for the electronic versions of the presentations.
- January 18, 2021: Doğan Tırtıroğlu, Regime Switch in Macroeconomic Conditions, Moral Hazard and Pricing of Initial Public Offerings
Speaker: Doğan Tırtıroğlu, Department of Real Estate Management, Ryerson University
Invited by: A. Sevtap Kestel
Zoom Meeting ID: 984 0800 6920
Date/Time: 18.01.2021 - 16.30
Abstract: Joint work with Belma OZTURKKAL and Basak TANYERI We posit a new hypothesis on the pricing of IPOs and provide evidence on it from IPOs issued in Turkey between 1989 and September 2020. The hypothesis focuses on how a sudden and unexpected regime switch in macroeconomic conditions, from decades-long high uncertainty to relative stability, affects the pricing of IPOs. We expect that macroeconomic stability should nurture (i) more IPOs, (ii) a shorter time length between two IPOs, and (iii) stylized findings, established internationally in the literature, to be more dominant. We take our empirical measure of macroeconomic fluctuations from the foreign exchange market. The February 2001 financial meltdown in Turkey is the switch event. The return generating process carries strongly the imprints of this meltdown, but not the other meltdowns witnessed during the sample period. Results from the *stability* ( *uncertainty*) regime are consistent with (differ starkly from) those reported for the developed economies, respectively. Remarkably and unexpectedly, high uncertainty "bleaches" even the well-established hot market effects on IPO initial-day returns. These are brand-new results in the literature and push macroeconomic uncertainty as a risk factor for IPOs to the forefront. Structural reforms to fend off the economic decay from the 2001 financial meltdown, including instituting a corporate debt market, have led to macroeconomic stability in Turkey. With that, the pricing of IPOs has become remarkably consistent with the well-established and stylized evidence from the developed economies. This paper also offers some preliminary work on a recent legal change with the aim to curb moral hazard in the IPO market in Turkey. Overall, Turkish issuers have left much less money on the table than others in the USA and elsewhere. This is another remarkable piece of finding and an addition to the rich list of puzzles of the IPO literature.
Speaker: Ramon Codina, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya (UPC)
Invited by: Önder Türk
Zoom Meeting ID: 984 0800 6920
Date/Time: 12.01.2021 - 15.30
Abstract: When approximating numerically a mathematical model one often faces the need for many solves. This happens for example in optimisation, or when solutions need to be given depending on a parameter. In these situations, fine approximations are not affordable for all cases, but perhaps just a few, and coarse approximations need to be employed in most simulations. The idea of the methodology to be presented is to improve coarse solutions from the knowledge of fine solutions. This is in general convenient, and in some cases even necessary. Examples of the latter are those in which the coarse solution is unstable, or fails to satisfy basic physical principles (for example, equilibrium). What we propose in this talk is to introduce a correction of the coarse model, depending on the coarse solution, designed to obtain a coarse solution as close as possible to the (projection of the) fine solution for the situations (that we call configurations) in which the fine solution is known. This corrective term is designed using an Artificial Neural Network, having as training set the collection of fine solutions for the configurations in which these are available. We have applied this concept to different problems: a) In Reduced Order Modelling (ROM), where the coarse model is built from a reduced basis and the training set are the collection of snapshots of departure, b) In the coarsening of finite element meshes in space, in which a fine solution is known in a fine mesh but then this mesh is coarsened to continue the simulation, c) In increasing the time step size in transient problem, in particular in wave propagation. Nevertheless, many other applications can be devised for the general concept proposed.